The following is the second part of a collection of hadiths about the third Imam of Shia Muslims, Imam Hussein (AS), who is also the grandson of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
The Customary Mourning
Abu Haroon al‑Makfoof said: I presented myself before Imam Sadiq (AS) whereupon he said to me: “Recite for me a poetry” and so I recited for him. He said “Not in this manner. Recite for me as you recite poems and elegies over the grave of Hussain (AS)” and so I recited for him (again). Bihar al Anwar vol 44, pg. 287.
Reward for Reciting Poetry/Elegy about Hussain (AS)
Imam Sadiq (AS) said: There is none who recites poetry about Hussain (AS) and weeps and makes others weep by means of it, except that Allah makes Paradise incumbent upon him and forgives his sins. Rijal al‑Shaikh al‑ Tusi pg. 189.
Imam Sadiq (AS) said: All praise is for Allah, who has placed amongst the people, those who arrive in our presence, and recite elegies about us. Wasail al‑Shiah vol. 10, pg. 469.
Poetry Recitation during the Period of Mourning
Imam Reza (AS) said (to De’bil, a poet sincerely devoted to the Ahlul Bayt): I desire that you recite for me poetry, for surely, these days (of the month of Muharram) are the days of grief and sorrow, which have passed over us, Ahlul Bayt. Mustadrak al‑Wasail, vol 10, pg. 386.
Shias ‑ The Companions and Associates
Imam Ali (AS) said: Surely, Allah has chosen for us followers (Shias), who assist us and are happy at our happiness and are sad in our sadness. Ghuraral‑Hikam vol. 1, pg. 135.
Paradise ‑ The Recompense of Mourning
Imam Ali Ibn al‑Hussain (AS) used to say: Every Mu’min, whose eyes shed tears upon the killing of Hussain Ibn Ali (AS) and his companions, such that the tears roll down his cheeks, Allah shall accommodate him in the elevated rooms of Paradise. Yanaabe’al‑Mawaddah, pg. 419.
In Remembrance of the Children of Fatimah (AS)
Imam Sajjad (AS) said: Surely, I have never brought to mind the martyrdom of the children of Fatimah (AS) except that I have been choked with tears due to it. Bihar al‑Anwar vol. 46, pg. 109.
Mourning in the Houses
For those unable to go for the ziarat of Imam Hussain (AS) on the day of Ashura, Imam Baqir (AS) mentions the manner of performing A’zadari as follows: He should mourn over Hussain (AS), weep for him and instruct the members of the house to weep for him. He should establish the mourning ceremony in the house by exhibiting lamentations and grief over him; the people should meet one another in their homes and offer condolences and consolation to each other over the calamities which befell him. Kaamil al‑Ziyaraat pg. 175.
Ali (AS) Weeps While Grieving the Martyrs of Kerbala
Imam Baqir (AS) said: Amirul Mu’mineen (AS), along with two of his companions, happened to pass by Kerbala and as he did so, tears filled his eyes. He said (to them), “This is the resting place of their animals; and this is where their luggage shall be laid down; and it is here that their blood shall be shed. Blessed are you O’ Earth, that the blood of the beloved shall be spilled upon you.” Bihar al Anwar, vol: 98 pg. 258.
Tears ‑ Barrier of Hell
Imam Baqir (AS) said: He who remembers us, or in whose presence, we are remembered, and (as a result) tears flow from his eyes, even though they may be in the measure of a wing of a mosquito, Allah shall construct for him a house in paradise and make the tears a barrier between him and the fire (of hell). Al‑Ghadeer vol. 2, pg. 202.