Muhammad Taqi Bahjat Fumani was a Shia authority (marja) and a contemporary mystic. He was born in 1334/1916. He went to Karbala to study Islamic disciplines in 1929-30, and then in 1933-34 he went to Najaf. After a while he went back to Iran in 1943 and started teaching in the Islamic Seminary of Qom. Ayatollah Bahjat was a pupil of Sayyid Ali Qadi and was known among people and scholars for his piety. In 2009 he died in the Wali ‘Asr (AS) Hospital in Qom and was buried inside the Holy Shrine of Fatima al-Masuma (AS).
Moral and mystical character
Since his teens, Muhammad Taqi Bahjat was attentive of mystical and moral issues. His conception of pure mysticism was in terms of submission to God. Some great scholars, such as ‘Allama Tabataba’i, Sayyid Rida Baha al-Dini, Ayatollahs Ali Quddusi, Hasan Zade Amuli, and Abd Allah Jawadi Amuli, used to attend his congregational prayers, especially at Thursday nights. He cried out of piety in his prayers.
Until his death, he lived in an old house near the Fatimiyya mosque in Guzar Khan district in Qom. Every morning, after his morning prayers and near the sunrise, Bahjat went to the Holy Shrine of Fatima al-Masuma (AS) and worshiped in Shahid Mutahhari mosque in the shrine.
Ayatollah Bahjat published his Risala very late. He had asked his friends to wait until other scholars published their fatwas. After that, if there were still people who did not want to follow those scholars as Marja and just wanted to follow Bahjat, then he would publish his fatwas.