The Shrine of Fatima Masumeh (AS) is located in Qom which is considered by Shia Muslims to be the second most sacred city in Iran after Mashhad.
Fatima Masumeh was the sister of the eighth Imam Reza (AS) and the daughter of the seventh Imam Musa al-Kadhim (AS). In Shia Islam, women are often revered as saints if they are close relatives to one of the Twelver Imams. Fatima Masumeh is therefore honored as a saint, and her shrine in Qom is considered one of the most significant Shia shrines in Iran. Every year, thousands of Shia Muslims travel to Qom to honor Fatima Masumeh and ask her for blessings.
Also buried within the shrine are three daughters of the ninth Imam Muhammad al-Taqi.
Fatima Masumeh’s (AS) Shrine in Qom is crowded every day of the year with Shia men, women, and children from all around the world. Some stay for hours or days praying at the mosque and circumambulating her tomb. The economy of Qom has become reliant on this pilgrimage for the tourism it brings. In turn, Qom has remained conservative and traditional to maintain a pious environment for pilgrims.
Many miracles have been recorded as taking place at this shrine, and they are documented in a special office within the shrine complex. Some are published in the shrines monthly newspaper, the Payam-e Astan.
Pilgrims at the Shrine of Fatima Masumeh (AS) follow rituals that have been passed down for centuries. Imam Reza (AS) outlined these ritual acts as he described the way he visited her Shrine. The prayer Imam Reza dictated to his sister continues to be part of the pilgrimage.
Since the Safavid period, additional rituals have been added that are now typical for many Shia pilgrimages including ritual washing beforehand, dressing in perfumed clothing, and entering the site with one’s right foot.